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Analysis of Supply and Demand of Skills in the Energy Sector

In the framework of the second Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS II) adopted in May 2013 by the Government, Rwanda targets to achieve a sustained GDP growth of at least 11.5% per annum and reduce poverty to below 30% by 2017. One of the overarching enablers to deliver EDPRS II targets is increasing access to affordable electricity while achieving sufficient generation of electricity through diversified and sustainable sources of energy, including hydro-, methane, peat-to-power, solar and geothermal energies. ANNEX I provides a snapshot of the energy sector 5-year implementation plan for the period spanning from 2013 to 2018.)

On one end, to meet EDPRS II targets distributed over five thematic areas, a five-year program for priority skills has been elaborated with the objective of raising a total number of 119,445 skills units by 2017. The five-year program for priority skills, spanning the 2013-2018 time frame, is deemed to fill well-identified critical and scarce skills in addressing the recurrent issue of imbalance in the supply and demand of skilled labor, while recognizing the imperative need to depart from the traditional way of capacity building to a more strategic and focused approach to achieving national priorities.

On the other end, it is worth noting that Rwanda’s ambitious plan to implement national projects has been recurrently hampered by the limited availability of specialized skills, particularly in sectors which require know-how in areas of science, technology and engineering. This can be attributed to the limited capacity of local education and training systems to supply the necessary skills which are adapted to the increasing demand in terms of qualified human resources, particularly in the areas of science, technology and engineering. As a result, the implementation of national projects continues to rely on foreign expertise with limited knowledge transfer.

This report focuses on the energy sector and is geared towards analysing currently available skills with the objective of investigating the extent at which they contribute to addressing well- identified skills gaps as depicted in the five-year program for priority skills development. Taking into consideration the current figures about available skills that can be readily raised and injected in the energy sector, simulations are carried out in order to gauge the capacity of training institutions as far as meeting the projected skills needs is concerned. The results of the process are then used to formulate informed strategic interventions which are highly needed to effectively raise the required skills to successfully implement EDPRS II Targets.

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